What is colon cancer?
Colon cancer also known as colorectal or bowel cancer is a cancer that starts in the large intestine, rectum, or appendix. Even though other cancers can affect the colon, they are rare and this term only appeals to colon carcinoma.
Colon cancer is one of the most leading cancer-related deaths, however, if you catch colon cancer very early, it can be completely cured. Like most cancers, there is no single cause to get colon cancer, yet they all begin as noncancerous (begnin) polyps, which can lead to getting cancer.
You may be more of a risk for Colon cancer if you are older than 60, are African American of European descent, eat a very high amount of red or processed meats, have any type of cancer already in your body, have colorectal polyps, have a family history of colon cancer, or have a history of breast cancer.
Colon cancer may also be associated with eating foods that are unhealthy such as foods with high-fat or low-fiber, or smoking cigarettes, and drinking alcohol.
Do you worry about having any signs and symptoms of Colon cancer? It is very significant to get checked by a doctor if you have any suspicions because some cases of colon cancer do not have any symptoms, while some do.
The cases that do have symptoms for Colon cancer are abdominal pain, blood in the stool, diarrhea, constipation, or change in bowel movement, narrow stools, and a dramatic change in weight loss.
Before symptoms for Colon cancer ever develop, colon cancer can be detected with tests. The different kinds of tests include a physical exam, a fecal occult blood test, colonscopy, sigmoidoscopy, complete blood count, and liver function tests.
If you do have the signs and symptoms of colon cancer, and your doctor finds out you do have colon cancer, he or she will check to see if the cancer has spread, which means the staging of Colon cancer. There are four different kinds of Colon cancer stages.
To do testing for Colon cancer staging, a MRI or CT scan of the abdomen, pelvic area, chest, or brain may be used to find out how far the cancer has gotten.
In Colon cancer staging, Colon cancer stage 0 is when the very early cancer is on the most innermost layer of the intestine and Colon cancer stage 1 is in the inner layers of the colon. Stage 2 means cancer has spread through the muscle wall of the colon, while stage 3 means cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage 4 Colon cancer means the cancer has spread to the other organs in your body. The treatment of colon cancer staging depends on which staging of Colon cancer the cancer is in, normally, doctors use surgery to remove cells (colectomy),chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
For patients with stage 4 Colon cancer, treatments are aimed at the liver which may burn the cancer, deliver chemotherapy or radiation to the liver, freeze the cancer, or more surgery.
Do you still question your health?
With today’s advances in technology, medical science is evolving and within the last 15 years the death rate for colon cancer has dropped. Even if you have no cancer history in your family, change your diet and your lifestyle to be healthy and to avoid other cancers risks. If you do have signs and symptoms of Colon cancer, remember there is always faith and scientists learn new things everyday.