People always wonder what are the symptoms of tetanus and get scared how to identify if the infection is there. However, it’s too easy to identify a tetanus infection. These days, it is a very uncommon disease.
The government has made the tetanus vaccine compulsory, just after a baby is born. So you can say tetanus is completely out of the sight. Still, when there is a deep wound, exposed to outside and takes weeks to recover; tetanus precautions must be taken to avoid infection.
How does it spread?
A bacterium called as Clostridium tetani causes tetanus. It is found in soil and if a wound is exposed to soil, sand or mud; infection might happen. Children, sports persons, agriculture people and people with dirty wounds are more viable to the infection.
These bacteria spread secret a neurotoxin, named as tetanospasmin which attacks the nerve cells in a certain muscle. That particular muscle doesn’t respond to the nervous system anymore and forms spasms in it. These spasms spread down the body and abdominal & limb muscles are affected in order.
What are the symptoms of tetanus?
- The patient feels very sever pain in the affected muscles.
- Involuntary contraction of the face and neck muscles, resulting in a certain awkward shape of the jaws, known as jaw lock.
- The person gets angry easily and always shows an irritating gesture.
- Severe sweating
- Restlessness (Both physically & mentally)
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Pulse of the patient fastens all of a sudden and takes hours to settle down. The person feels exhausted after the pulses come to harmony.
- The whole body starts to ache with time. Same kind of feeling is sensed in other organs as muscular spasms are formed by that neuro toxin and it spreads to each corner of the body through blood stream.
Knowing what are the symptoms of tetanus makes one confident about tetanus. People exposed to these symptoms are seen to take better care of the patients. It makes them to ask for prompt medical services. The wounds need to be washed and medicines need to be applied on them regularly.
If needed, the dead tissue can be tested for an infection too. Clostridium survives pretty well in dead cells as it’s the best environment for the bacteria to reproduce. Tetanus is mostly seen in hot locations and summer days as this is the most favourable climate for the microorganism.
Tetanus can also affect babies within womb and new born babies. In this case, the baby is infected from its mother itself, just because its mother wasn’t immunized properly before conceiving it. The bacteria reach to the foetus’ body by blood stream through umbilical cord. Such a baby is too weak and shows no interest to even mother’s milk. It doesn’t cry or laugh because of its muscle spasms and weakness.
What are the symptoms of tetanus to be targeted while treatment:
- Thorough wound cleansing
- Shots of tetanus antitoxin injections
- Respiratory add ups
- Spam decaying medicines
There are several resources such as internet, health help lines & info centre at all hospitals; which can provide information on what are the symptoms of tetanus.