Otitis Media can be referred to as an inflammation in the middle ear. It can also be referred to as Middle Ear Infection. It occurs between inner ear and tympanic membrane. Otitis media is usually not threatening though it is very painful. Its symptoms include intense pain in the eardrum and rapture of the tympanic membrane.
Otitis media is normally caused by a fungal, viral or bacterial infection. Bacterial pathogens are the most common and they include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae. One of the most effective Otitis media treatments is the anti-H. influenzae Vaccine which, is regularly given to children.
Susceptibility of the disease is associated with specific genes making it hereditable. Younger children at less than seven years age bracket are more prone because of their short Eustachian tubes. Their resistant to viral and bacterial infection is also not developed like that of adults.
The condition has different levels of severity.Topical and oral analgesics may be used to treat pain associated with Otitis Media Infection. The oral remedies include paracetamol, narcotics and ibuprofen while topical agents include Benzocaine Ear Drops and antipyrine.
A patient is not advised to use either oral or nasal antihistamines and decongestants due to their side effect concern. Antibiotics are normally used in Otitis Media Treatment especially in acute situations.
If a patient is undergoing symptomatic treatment and the pain is persistent, antibiotic treatment should be administered. Use of antibiotic treatment on Otitis media in long-term situations has not shown any adverse side effects if the treatment is withheld.
Antibiotics are known to have a significant level of the potential negative effect in some patients. A recent research shows that there is an increased rate of Otitis recurrence in children in the age of 6 months to 2 years when treated using amoxicillin though this is the first-line drug.
In case of a drug resistance in a patient amoxicillin-clavulanate or any other penicillin derivative could be used, as it is the second-line drug. Over seven days antibiotic treatment shows more side effects compared to over 7 days antibiotics, which are more effective.
For patients whom have over 3 reported episodes of severe Otitis media in a period of 6 months, should consider Tynpanostomy tube treatment. This involves insertion of the Tynpanostomy tube inside the eardrum. This practice reduces the rate of occurrence for six months after the placement and has no effect on hearing in the long run.
It is highly recommended, as it is very successful.Alternative and complimentary medicine is not encouraged for a Fusion Otitis Media Treatment since there are no reported benefits. The only recommended home remedy is the Osteopathic Manipulation Technique, which is anticipated to improve the drainage. Acute Otitis media caused by bacteria, causes a lot of pain that could lead to insomnia.
This also causes eardrum perforation, which spread and causes mastoiditis, brain abscess, meningitis and in severe cases death may occur if the condition goes untreated for a long time. Appropriate antibiotic prescription prevent further complications like hearing loss. Patients should know that itchy ears do not necessary potray a sign of an infected ear.