Mononucleosis is a common contagious disease in teenagers caused by a virus known as Epstein – Barr virus (EBV). Mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers are quite variable. Common mode of transmission is through body fluids like saliva due to which it is also known as “kissing disease”.
The virus gets transferred to another person when an infected person cough, sneezes or kisses. Though blood exchange may cause the spread of this virus but it is not very common. Mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers are severe as compared to the mild symptoms that develop in children.
Mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers usually start appearing 4-7 weeks after the first exposure to the virus. Mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers are similar in both males and females and mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers include chronic fatigue, enlarged lymph node and other symptoms.
Chronic fatigue is one the most important mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers. Infected individual becomes extremely lethargic and it becomes difficult for him to perform normal routine activities.
Fatigue is quite persistent and does not go away no matter how much the individual eats. The person also becomes extremely sleepy and sleep hours exceed way beyond normal. Finally it becomes difficult for the person to focus on a particular task.
Lymphadenopathy (enlarged lymph nodes) is another important mononucleosis symptom in teenagers. Lymph nodes play an important role in fighting against foreign organisms. EBV causes damage to the lymph nodes and causes their congestion. As the result, out flow of lymph (fluid in lymph nodes) gets blocked and they are enlarged.
There are several other mononucleosis symptoms in teenagers which include:
– Tonsillitis (enlargement of tonsils) which can cause intense pain in the throat
– Due to extreme throat pain, there is difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia) and speaking
– Swollen lymph nodes are seen in other body areas like neck, shoulders and arm pits
– Virus causes different degrees of hepatic (liver) damage and usually presents in the form of jaundice i.e. yellowish coloration of skin
– Spleen is another important organ that helps removing harmful materials from the blood. EBV causes congestion of the spleen as a result of which spleen enlarges (spleenomegaly)
– Stomach pain, abdominal distention and abdominal cramps are commonly observed in such individuals
– Disturbance in peristaltic movements (rhythmic movements of gut) is very common causing nausea and vomiting
– Headache is a commonly but non vague symptom of mononucleosis
– Loss of appetite is seen in such individuals which causes weight loss
– Muscle pain is very common due to which patient feels fatigued
– Rashes and lesion develop at different sites of skin
– Malaise i.e. a generalized feeling of unwellness is experienced by such individuals
– Flu is another important mononucleosis symptom in teenagers
– The person coughs repeatedly and might develop fever due to reduced immunity
Chronic mononucleosis symptoms include fatigue and enlarged lymph nodes. The treatment for mononucleosis includes bed rest and use of pain killers. Mononucleosis cause is EBV that commonly spreads through saliva and blood. Common mononucleosis symptoms are fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes, flu, headache and body aches.