Indigestion is mainly caused due to improper habits of eating food. However, many a times it happens that due to infection of certain diseases people suffer from indigestion. A detailed study of all the indigestion related diseases will help you know more about it.
Following is the list of all indigestion diseases:
Thyroid is located in the neck and below the thyroid cartilage. This gland produces certain hormones (thyroid hormones-body fluids) which help to increase the rate of metabolism in the body.
But when a person suffers from hypothyroidism (a state where the metabolism rate of the body decreases), the digestive system of a person is disturbed. In such circumstances the bowel movements are slowed down and the digestion speed also decreases.
Similarly when a person suffers from hyperthyroidism (a state where the metabolism rate of the body increases), the digestive system is again disturbed. In this case the rate of digestion and bowel activity increases to a great extent. So the best way is to maintain a normal metabolic rate.
GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) is also called as Acid Reflux. The biological term for Gastroesophageal is ‘stomach’ or ‘esophagus’ (food pipe from the mouth till the stomach), and that of reflux is ‘return’.
When the digestive acids (mainly hydrochloric acids responsible for digestion) travel back from the stomach to esophagus after having meals, the person is said to suffer from GERD. This results in acidic taste in the mouth.
Pancreas is located on the upper part of the abdomen. It majorly contributes in the process of digestion. Pancreas releases digestive juices and digestive hormones responsible for digestion of food in the body.
Digestive juices contain certain enzymes and bicarbonates which passes through the pancreatic duct. Pancreatic duct is a medium between the pancreas and the small intestine. These juices help in decomposition of proteins and fats in the food so that our body gets sufficient amount of nutrients.
Digestive hormones contain insulin, which maintains the blood sugar level of the body. But when a person suffers from pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas occurs. And in extreme conditions the pancreas and the blood vessels near it may swell. If this condition continues for a prolonged period the pancreas may get damaged completely thus resulting in malfunctioning of the digestive system.
Peptic ulcer is a formation of reddish like covering or wearing away of the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. In an area affected by ulcer, tissues are destroyed by digestive juices and acids, responsible for digestion in the stomach. Peptic ulcer mainly is caused in the stomach which is the upper part of the small intestine.
Since the tissues here are destroyed, a person suffers a burning pain in the stomach. Difference in quantities, which means imbalance amounts of hydrochloric acids and pepsin (digestive juice released by the stomach) along with the digestive tract’s inability to protect itself from these harmful substances results in peptic ulcers.
Hiatal Hernia is a state where the uppermost part of the abdomen projects into the cavity of the chest through an aperture called the esophageal hiatus. The 2 types of hiatal hernia are:- fixed type (paraesophageal); here a portion of the stomach remains stuck in the chest cavity, and sliding type;here due to stress in the abdomen an annexation midst of the stomach and the esophagus moves upwards through the esophageal hiatus. When the stomach functions normally, which means there is no pressure on the abdomen, the stomach falls to it’s normal position.
Gallstones are small pebble like particles which are formed from bile (digestive juice), and are accumulated in the gall bladder. Gallbladder is an organ which is located above the stomach towards its right side. Gallbladder is associated with the liver and the pancreas.
Bile is a liquid content secreted by the liver to perform digestion of fats efficiently. Gallbladder accumulates bile. When we consume foods with high amounts of fats,bile is released from the gall bladder and sent to the small intestine for digestion of fats.
But when the fat contents increase to a very great extent the gall bladder is unable to maintain it’s level of fats, and thus bile gets accumulated in the gall bladder. Slowly and gradually this bile hardens up and turns into small hard particles. These particles are known as gallstones.
Irritable bowel syndrome:
Irritable bowel syndrome occurs as a result of gastrointestinal disorders. The exact cause for irritable bowel syndrome is not known till date.
Esophagitis is inflammation of the throat. Esophagus is a food pipe connecting the stomach from the back of the throat. Sometimes due to viral or bacterial infection a kind of irritation is caused in the esophagus. This results in heartburn and painful swallowing and drinking. One who has less immunity level are more likely to get affected by esophagitis. But this is very common and is curable.
Cancer that affects the stomach is known as adenocarcinoma. It first occurs in the innermost layer of the stomach and from there it spreads to the entire stomach area and the nearby organs. Then as it gets mixed up with the blood stream it spreads to the other organs as well. But this is a very rare disease that causes indigestion.
All the above information about indigestion diseases gives you an idea of stomach infections. Taking accurate precautions might help you from getting affected from all these indigestion diseases.